Learning the difference between symptoms and side effects of a medical abortion

May 15, 2018 7:19 am Published by Leave your thoughts

difference between symptoms and side - effects after medical abortion

There are many misconceptions among people regarding the side effects of medical abortion. If the after effects were to be divided into two categories, the first group could be heavy bleeding and cramping that are experienced by every woman undergoing a medical abortion. The second group would include all the remaining side effects of pregnancy termination.

Following points shed light on the topic while elaborating the after effects further.

The abortion process:

Medical abortion is a noninvasive method of ending an early pregnancy. When you buy abortion pills, the combination of Mifepristone & Misoprostol Kit tablets helps terminate the unwanted pregnancy.  Mifepristone is an anti-progesterone tablet which stops the growth of the pregnancy. Its intake has to be oral with water. The second pill Misoprostol is a prostaglandin pill which causes uterine contractions and empties the uterus eventually removing the pregnancy contents from the body. One has to take 4 pills of misoprostol through vaginally or buccally.

Experiences after taking abortion pills:

Though Mifepristone plays a major role in ending an unplanned pregnancy, a woman does not see any major visible difference in her body post taking the first medicine. The second pill, however, results in heavy bleeding.

Heavy bleeding and cramping are the two after-effects people often misinterpret to be the major ones that affect your body in long term. These two effects indeed fall in the list of side effects, however, these are necessary and they indicate that the abortion process is getting completed.


Once the first medicine stops the growth of pregnancy, Misoprostol, with its prostaglandin elements does the job of evacuating the uterus wherein pregnancy contents are present, which usually known as cramping. Every woman undergoing a medical abortion experiences cramping during the process of medical abortion. It can last up to a few hours depending on the body type and several other factors.

Heavy Bleeding:

Heavy bleeding is the most important after effect of medical abortion which suggests that the pregnancy tissues are getting removed. If a woman does not bleed even after taking the pills (Which is rarely a case) pregnancy will not be ended. Most of the women experience heavy bleeding after taking the second pill while some experience after the first pill itself. This case is not abnormal to find, however, she has to take misoprostol to complete the process. One may see blood clots similar to the size of the lemon, following which, the bleeding gets lighter and finally stops. The bleeding can typically last up to 10 days depending on the gestation period of pregnancy and the body type.

The other Side effects:

Other side effects include:

    • Nausea
    • Diarrhea
    • A headache
    • Chest pain
    • Abdomen pain
    • Fever
    • Weakness
  • Vomiting

The aforementioned side effects are different than the first two ones ( Heavy Bleeding and Cramping). You may not require any immediate medical attention unless the case is severe since the side effects are temporary in nature and go on its own when you complete the process. Every woman may or may not experience these after effects, although,  if you feel to reduce its impact or prevent them to happen, you can buy mtp kit which has other medicines to deal with them.

When to see a doctor:

It is advised that women take immediate medical attention or visit a doctor in following cases:

    • Continuous high fever
    • Excessive bleeding
  • Smelly vaginal discharge

Please note that the side effects of medical abortion do not affect your future pregnancies. Extreme complications can include infection to your womb or the uterus, however, the cases are rare. There’s no link between medical pregnancy termination and breast cancer.

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This post was written by Marcella

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