What All You Need To Know About Sexually Transmitted Disease?

February 20, 2018 11:47 am Published by Leave your thoughts

Sexually Transmitted Disease

 

Sexually Transmitted Disease, in other words, sexually transmitted infection refers to all kinds of illness spread through vaginal, anal or oral intercourse or sexual contact. It can also be transmitted through following ways:

  • Shared needles
  • Breastfeeding
  • Skin-to-skin contact
  • Shared beds or towels

A number of infections are transmitted through sexual activities. Symptoms, however, are common few of the STD cases. 

Commonly found STD symptoms. 

  • Rashes
  • Painful sex or urination
  • Unusual discharge
  • Swelling or blisters

Possible serious consequences of untreated STDs:

  • Fertility problems
  • Particular Cancer
  • Serious sickness and ill body
  • Rare cases involve death

Common Types of STDs:

  • Herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
  • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • Other STDs _chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, molluscum contagiosum, pubic lice, scabies

DIAGNOSIS

Since the symptoms of STD are common, they cannot be diagnosed simply on the basis of its usual symptoms. Diagnosis of STDs requires tests to determine if the person has STD and its type.

STDs are typically diagnosed with the help of urine or blood test.

Sore swab or vaginal swabs can also be asked to diagnose certain STDs.

Word of advice: 

  • You can consult your doctor or visit a clinic to perform STD test at regular intervals.
  • Home test kits are available, however, you will have to be careful since they may not be reliable always.
  • Nowadays, internet STDs are also available, although, the quality may vary.

Note: Pap smear is not a determinant of STD. It may combine HPV test for some women. To determine if one has an STD or not, a separate STD test has to be performed. 

Prevention:

Abstinence! That’s the best possible way to prevent catching an STD. Having said that once can make sexual contact safer through other ways.

  • Condoms are one of the best preventions for STDs if used correctly.
  • Kindly note that birth control methods do not protect against STDs, although, you can buy Ovral G to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs) also can not be used as a prevention method for STDs.
  • If the protection used does not cover infected skin, the STD can still be spread to your partner.
  • Before indulging in sexual intercourse with a new partner, make sure that the partner is not infected by STDs.
  • Further, it is important to get screened for STDs before getting into any sexual activity.

Numerous STDs can be spread during oral sex, including:

  • Gonorrhea
  • Herpes
  • HPV
  • Syphilis

Although condoms and similar barriers are an effectual method for STDs prevention, such methods fail when it comes STDs spread through skin to skin infection. 

STDs cannot be a part of regular tests since one has to specifically as for STD tests that they wish to perform. The normal urine and blood test can help determine following types of STDs.

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Herpes
  • HIV
  • syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Some of the STDs do not have specific symptoms and hence test is the only way one can diagnose the infection. STD screening on a regular basis is always a good idea for people who are sexually active, especially with multiple partners. Educate yourself. Get tested. Treat if you have STD. 

 

Have a Healthy Living…!! 

 

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This post was written by Marcella


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